• IambOO and IoT: two projects through which you can make things “smart”

    As we have already wrote, IambOO is a software house whose specialization is cyber security and mobile solutions: this fact, though, doesn’t exclude that these last few years there are more and more projects that need technologic remedies applied to common use objects (that aren’t necessarily a screen or a keyboard)…it’s all about IoT (Internet of Things). Definition-wise we are dealing with a pretty generic and broad concept, but to make it simple it’s technology application to daily objects thanks to the inclusion of a electronic component that allows us to communicate with them.
    Let’s think about the latest law proposal, regarding the adoption of sensors in babies car seats, in order to warn parents that are leaving their car that their children are still inside their car.

    To sum it up, the “things” make themselves recognizable and they gain intelligence through communication of their data and through the access to aggregated information from third parties. Alarms ring in advance in case of traffic jams, gym shoes “send” the owner’s pace, speed and distance in order to compete with people from the other side of the world, medications jars warn your relatives if you forget to take your medicines, the fridge warns you about the products expiration date. Each and every object can gain a active role thanks to a internet connection[source: Wikipedia].

    The connected objects are made of components such as sensors, cameras, microphones, buttons, code bar readers, pressure, humidity, heart rate, GPS location, movement, gyroscopes, compasses; actuators such as electrical switches and hydraulic valves, put together in order to create Robotic and automation Systems; independent computing devices, router, NAS and other devices can be similar to a pc regarding their logic, they are created with a thought in mind: they need to be turned on and set, and then nobody will have to work on them anymore.

    Using connected objects in our everyday life can be an advantage. The extended use of connected sensors is also changing the industry. This technological approach has allowed, along with AI systems, the “Fourth Industrial Revolution” or “Industry 4.0” (Klaus Schwab, Founder and executive President of the World Economic Forum provided this explanation), a change that blows away products, services and production methods, and its core is a unprecedented technological break: industrial facilities real world and virtual world’s merge, as Annalisa Magone and Tatiana Mazali wrote in their latest book.

    IambOO is working on two projects right now, in which IoT has been included (in different ways) to complete a precise strategy.


    IambOO IoT projects: Fashion Industry

    The fashion industry may look somehow not relatable to this type of applications, because this industry objects aren’t essential, and you don’t need to interact with them nor receive data from them.
    A well known bags and leather goods brand has indeed shown a great interest and foresight on this subject, and it has contacted IambOO to create a mobile App that could interface with some sensors applied on bags (for example).

    Think about being on the road, and you have more than one baggage to check; this kind of technology could “warn” your phone if your bag is at a certain range away from you, or if you have forgotten it, or if someone has been moving it away from you (or worse, if someone stole it!)…


    IambOO IoT projects: Agricultural Industry

    In The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN’s opinion, in 2050 the world is going to need a food production 70% bigger than the one it had back in 2006, in order to “feed” the growing Earth Population. To meet this demand, farmers and agricultural holdings focused their attention on IoT to have a greater analyis and production capacity.

    If we think about the parameter types that we may want to measure in the agricultural field, we find out that those we think about perfectly match the IoT sensors applications, which convert the physical parameters into electrical signals (at first), and secondly they convert those signals into digital information.Temperature, pressure, movement, spatial orientation, proximity, images, variations of brilliance or other electromagnetic waves and radiofrequency, elecrical parameters and sounds are just an example of what those measurements might relate to.

    terreno ulivi iamboo

    IambOO has been involved in a project concerning the creation of an olive grove composed by 16.000 plants (which are arranged in 240 lines), in which you could install a drip irrigation system to facilitate and to ensure maximum optimization of the plants growth in the first three years from the planting.

    Where is the IoT in this process?
    The most known problem for olive grove planting concerns the care, maintenance and harvest costs of olives, as those costs risk to be too high to allow farmers to continue producing olive oil.
    In order to maximize the investment IambOO projected the plot of land partition into 13 areas in which 13 poles could be inserted, each of them provided with 3 sensors, plunged 60 cm under the ground to measure the humidity. The poles are composed of solar panels in order to self-sustain themselves..
    The 3 sensors choice (instead of 1)  isn’t randomly made: performing measurements in pools allows the statistical validation of recorded data, guarding from statistical flukes.

    Once the mesaurements are performed from the sensors, data are communicated through the LoRa ® protocol, a wireless technology that has been developed to create a wide area, low power Network (LPWAN - Low Power Wide Area Network – this means very low consumptions in order to submit few data also in a wide area), to a control unit, containing a sim card, that submits all the data to the server.

    pannelli solari iamboo

    centralina iamboo

    These instruments allow people to constantly measure the ground humidity, and to “teach” the irrigation system regarding how often and how long it will have to water the ground.
    Obviously, the basic necessities estimates will have to be crossed-checked and adjusted thanks to the previous “agricultural experiences” of that particular soil. In the near future, IambOO supposes that data from the weather forecast could be crossed too (even though forecasting the weather is becoming more and more difficult).

    IambOO took some other precautions to keep track of the “health status” of all the devices used throughout the process: 4 control units were chosen by sampling, to whom other sensors were applied  to measure their temperature and to monitor their efficiency.

    The 13 poles installation is about to end and the sensors will start working soon so that the small plants will reach their maximum growth possibility within three years.



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